DS Pipe and Steel Supply

Butterfly Valves

Butterfly valves are a type of quarter-turn rotational motion valve widely used in the piping industry to control fluids within a pipeline. The name “butterfly” is derived from the shape of the valve’s disk, which is typically a flat or slightly concave plate that rotates around a central shaft, resembling a butterfly’s wings. Here are the key characteristics and applications of butterfly valves:

Construction and Components

  • Disk: The valve’s disk is the central component that rotates to control the flow. It can be made of metal or other materials, and its shape resembles a butterfly’s wings.
  • Shaft: The disk is attached to a shaft positioned at the center, and the shaft’s rotation controls the valve’s opening and closing.
  • Actuator: Butterfly valves can be operated manually, electrically, pneumatically, or hydraulically. The actuator provides the necessary force to rotate the shaft and control the valve.

Types of Butterfly Valves

There are two types of butterfly valves: concentric and eccentric. In concentric valves, the disk is centered in the pipe, and the shaft passes through the disk’s center. On the other hand, eccentric valves have a disk offset from the center, providing improved sealing performance, especially in high-pressure applications.


Butterfly valves operate on a quarter-turn principle. When the valve is fully open, the disk is parallel to the flow, allowing for minimal resistance and pressure drop.

Turning the shaft a quarter of a full rotation closes the valve, with the disk perpendicular to the flow, effectively blocking the passage of the fluid.

Advantages of Butterfly Valves

  • Quick Operation: Butterfly valves can be rapidly opened or closed with a simple quarter-turn motion, making them suitable for applications where fast response is essential.
  • Space-Efficient: The compact design of butterfly valves makes them well-suited for installations with space constraints.
  • Low Pressure Drop: When fully open, butterfly valves offer low resistance to fluid flow, resulting in minimal pressure drop across the valve.