DS Pipe and Steel Supply

Gate Valves

Gate valves are a type of linear motion valve used to control the flow of fluids in piping systems. They operate by raising or lowering a gate (a flat or wedge-shaped barrier) to either block or allow the passage of fluid through the valve. Here’s an explanation of gate valves and their applications in the piping industry:


Gate valves consist of a valve body, a gate (also called a disc), a stem, and an actuator. The gate is typically a flat or wedge-shaped barrier that moves perpendicular to the direction of flow. When the valve is fully open, the gate is lifted entirely from the fluid path, allowing unrestricted flow. Conversely, when the valve is closed, the gate is lowered to seal off the flow completely.

Gate valves can be operated manually using a handwheel or automatically using electric, pneumatic, or hydraulic actuators. Gate valves provide a tight seal when fully closed, minimizing leakage. However, they are not well-suited for throttling applications as they are designed primarily for on/off service.

Applications of Gate Valves

  • Isolation and Shutoff: Gate valves are commonly used for isolation and shutoff applications where a tight seal is required to stop the flow of fluids completely. They are often installed at the beginning or end of a pipeline or at branch points to isolate sections of the piping system for maintenance or repairs.
  • Water and Wastewater Systems: Gate valves are widely used in water distribution, wastewater treatment plants, and irrigation systems. They provide reliable shutoff capabilities for controlling the flow of potable water, sewage, and industrial wastewater.
  • Oil and Gas Industry: In the oil and gas industry, gate valves are employed in pipelines, refineries, and petrochemical plants to isolate sections of pipelines and control the flow of crude oil, natural gas, and various petroleum products.
  • Power Generation: Gate valves are used in power generation facilities such as thermal and nuclear power plants to control the flow of steam, cooling water, and other fluids in piping systems.
  • Chemical Processing: Gate valves find applications in chemical processing plants for handling corrosive and abrasive fluids. They are suitable for controlling the flow of chemicals, acids, and other aggressive substances due to their robust construction and tight sealing capabilities.